A school of thought centered on Vienna from the late 19th century until the mid-1930s, Austro-Marxism has been influential on Marxism understood as a sociological theory. Max Adler, Otto Bauer, Rudolf Hilferding and Karl Renner were all members of this school and wrote on topics ranging from economics to law, all from a sociological perspective. Methodologically they drew on positivism, marginalist economics and also found inspiration in neo-Kantian philosophy.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Austro-Marxism —    The first stirring of a workers’ movement in the Austrian lands of the Habsburg Empire began with the Vienna Revolution of 1848. Karl Marx himself spent a few days in the city during the latter stages of the turmoil, only to conclude that… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Marxism —    The term “Marxism” first appeared in the 1880s, achieving widespread use by the turn of the century. In 1894 Georgii Plekhanov described Marxism as “a whole world view,” but Karl Marx himself viewed his thought as primarily a revolutionary… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Austro-Fascism —    A disputed term often applied to the authoritarian regime established in the First Austrian Republic between 1933 and 1934 under the chancellorship of Engelbert Dollfuss. Heavily influenced by the Italian model, Austro Fascist ideas were… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Marxism (Philosophies of) — Philosophies of Marxism Lenin, Lukács, Gramsci, Althusser Michael Kelly INTRODUCTION Marxist philosophy can be seen as a struggle with Hegel or a struggle with capitalism, that is, as an intellectual or a political movement. Neither of these… …   History of philosophy

  • Marxism — /mahrk siz euhm/, n. the system of economic and political thought developed by Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, esp. the doctrine that the state throughout history has been a device for the exploitation of the masses by a dominant class,… …   Universalium

  • EUROPEAN MARXISM —  Early European Marxism: Orthodoxy and Revisionism  ■ Abraham, R. Rosa Luxemburg. A Life for the International. Oxford: Berg, 1989.  ■ Basso, L. Rosa Luxemburg. A Reappraisal. London: Deutsch, 1975.  ■ Bebel, August. Woman Under Socialism. New… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Adler, Max — (1873–1937)    Adler was born and died in Vienna, and his greatest significance is as a leading figure in the Austrian Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) and as a major contributor to Austro Marxism. He studied jurisprudence at the University of… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • History of a Word —    “What is certain is that I am not a Marxist.”     Karl Marx    The history of the word Marxism tells us something of the history of Marxism itself. The development of the word, of linked words and of qualifying terms is the surface trace of… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Scientific socialism —    One of the preferred terms of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to describe the form of socialism they put forward. This term was particularly used to distinguish Marx’s socialism from the unscientific, utopian socialism of Robert Owen, Charles… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • АВСТРОМАРКСИЗМ — (austro marxism) влиятельная группа неомарксистских теоретиков, известная в Австрии с конца 19 го столетия до середины 1930 х гг. и включавшая Макса Адлера, Рудольфа Гильфердинга, Отто Бауэра и Карла Реннера. Под влиянием Неокантианства ее… …   Большой толковый социологический словарь

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